Our Spirit, Our Story…

Our History

Mud.  That was Mother Agatha O’Brien’s first impression of Chicago: a wooden village sinking in mud.  Need.  That was the reality that had drawn her to Chicago.  Need, for a Sister of Mercy meant and still means, opportunity.  Agatha and her companions had come to scatter seeds of Mercy in Chicago soil. 

They began by opening the first Catholic schools, starting the first orphanage, and founding the city’s oldest hospital.

 Chicago_plaque_1846dropAn Invitation

In 1846, the needs of Irish immigrants and the insistent invitation of Rev. William Quarter, the city’s first Catholic bishop, drew the Sisters of Mercy to Chicago.  The band of pioneers that set out from Pittsburgh under the guidance of Mother Frances Warde included Sisters Agatha O’Brien, the appointed superior, novices Vincent McGirr and Gertrude McGuire, and postulants Eliza Corbett and Eva Schmidt – all under the age of 25. 

When they arrived, Chicago was a small town on Lake Michigan, and its diocese was barely three years old.

Many “firsts” occurred with this pioneer group. They were the first and only religious women’s group in Chicago for ten years. 

The sisters began “free” schools the morning after they arrived in Chicago.  They soon established Chicago’s first academy, St. Francis Xavier Female Academy.

Blessings quickly multiplied.  The sisters were soon teaching evening and catechism classes to adults. They sheltered young women; they visited inmates in the city jail; they nursed those afflicted by the frequent and deadly epidemics; and in the wake of these epidemics, they cared for orphans.

 In 1850, the sisters began nursing at the Illinois General Hospital of the Lake (pictured below).  Within two years, Mercy Hospital and Orphan Asylum was built and became Chicago’s first permanent general hospital.

Within eight years, all but one of the original group of sisters had died.  However, others had come. They established foundations and ministries in Janesville, Milwaukee, Davenport, IowaCity, Ottawa, Aurora, Chicago’s South and West Sides, and so many places in between.

The Chicago Fire

Then, they woke the evening of October 8, 1871, to watch their 25 years in Chicago go up in smoke.  Like other city residents that night, they fled for their lives and were busy safeguarding student boarders and women residents.  The Chicago Fire reduced much of their property to rubble.


All the buildings owned by the Sisters of Mercy on Wabash and    Michigan Avenues were destroyed by the fire of 1871.  The sale of these buildings was to be finalized the Monday after the Sunday fire. Although they had buildings on the south side of the city, they had to relocate many of their ministries.

 St. Xavier Convent of Mercy Motherhouse, was built after the fire: 1873 – 1901 at 29th and Wabash.  Prominent award-winning architect , W.W. Boyington  designed the Motherhouse which housed sisters, an Academy and other Mercy Services.. After 1901 this became Mercy Business Club for Working Girls, housing and continued as the convent.      

Social services were evident in Chicago as early as 1921 when there surfaced a dire need in the diocese for unwed mothers.  George Cardinal Mundelein asked the sisters to take on this work of Mercy. Misericordia Home was opened to care for these young mothers.  Later, this institution transformed its work to housing and care of handicapped children.  In the 1970s, the ministry extended to housing older children and young adults with mental and physical limitations. 


chicago_baby_momWhat Agatha and her companions had sown in Chicago soil continues to flower in this new millennium.  In the Chicago area, the Sisters of Mercy sponsor Saint Xavier University, Mother McAuley High School, and Mercy Hospital and Medical Center.

The sisters also sponsor St. Catherine Residence in Milwaukee, safe and affordable housing for women in transition, and MercyHospital in Iowa City. The Provena Health partners with Resurrection Health System throughout Illinois and Indiana, They are co-sponsors of Mercy Housing, Inc.  The Chicago congregation has a long-standing and well-known association with Misericordia Home.


Outreach to immigrants continues. Sisters wait and pray with immigrants who are in the process of being deported.  They support their families.

The sisters today are still ministering in elementary, secondary, and higher education.  They also serve as parish staff members, writers, artists, social workers, spiritual directors, board members, volunteers, healthcare providers, and much more.